A person who returned from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in Kerala has been found infected with monkeypox.
State Health Minister Veena George confirmed this and said that he had returned from UAE three days ago. After showing symptoms of the disease, his sample was sent for examination and its report confirmed monkeypox.
This is the first case of monkeypox in both Kerala and India.
The central government will send a team to Kerala to help the state government
After the first case of monkeypox was reported, the central government has become alert and has decided to send a team to help the state government in combating the disease. This team will help the state government in every way.
In June itself, India has issued guidelines related to monkeypox.
Let us tell you that in the midst of the increasing spread of monkeypox in countries around the world, the Union Health Ministry has issued guidelines regarding monkeypox in June itself . In these, the monitoring, detection, confirmation and treatment of the disease has been explained in detail.
The guidelines state that in suspected patients, the disease will be confirmed only after PCR test (test to confirm infection) or genome sequencing of the sample.
What is monkeypox virus?
Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease. The disease is caused by infection with monkeypox virus which comes from the orthopoxvirus genus of the family Poxviridae.
It was first found in 1958 in a settlement of monkeys and from there it got its name.
It is a slowly mutating DNA virus. It can take from 5 to 21 days after the infection to show its symptoms.
How is monkeypox spread and what are its symptoms?
Anyone can become infected by coming into contact with an animal or human infected with monkeypox.
This virus enters the body through the skin, breath and mouth. It is spread through large respiratory droplets released during a sneeze or cough.
The symptoms of monkeypox in humans are similar to smallpox. Initially there is fever, headache, muscle and back pain, tiredness and within a few days the rash starts appearing on the body.
Monkeypox cases have been reported in these countries
So far , more than 4,000 cases of monkeypox have been reported in countries like America , Britain, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Canada, Austria, Israel, Switzerland etc.
Most of these cases have been reported in Europe. The virus is already present in African countries like Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has asked countries to be vigilant against this disease.