Early detection of cancer in the head and neck can be corrected, otherwise it can spread to the organs and magnify the damage.
Every April is observed as Head and Neck Cancer Awareness Month. This type of cancer increases the risk of spreading to the throat, mouth, vocal cords and other areas associated with it.
According to a report released last year by the National Center for Disease Informatics and Research, one in three people diagnosed with cancer has head and neck cancer.
This type of cancer is based on age, geography and lifestyle. It has been found that cancers of the head and neck are more likely to affect men than women, not only due to physical factors, but also due to tobacco use by men.
Various forms of tobacco use, such as chewing tobacco, smoking, and sucking, can cause head and neck cancer. India is the largest consumer of tobacco in the world. Experts say more than 70 percent of patients consume tobacco.
Although the risk of the disease is less in alcoholics than in tobacco, the risk may increase with the use of alcohol and tobacco together. They are also affected by weakened immune system, malnutrition, exposure to sunlight, poor oral hygiene and improper sexual intercourse.
Symptoms include a tingling sensation in the ears and nose, swelling of the jaws, bloody saliva, white / red patches on the tongue, frequent bleeding from the mouth, and difficulty breathing and comprehension.
Early detection of cancer in the head and neck can be corrected, otherwise it can spread to the organs and magnify the damage. Treatment depends on the age of the patient, the severity of the cancer, and the location of the tumor.
Cancer patients are also treated with chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy.