Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease. This disease is caused by infection with monkeypox virus which comes from the orthopoxvirus genus of the family Poxviridae.
The Orthopoxvirus genus also includes the viruses that cause smallpox and cowpox.
In the year 1958, this virus was revealed in monkey settlements prepared for research and it was found to cause a disease like pox.
How does the monkeypox virus spread and what are its symptoms?
Anyone can become infected by coming into contact with an animal or human infected with monkeypox. This virus enters the body through broken skin, breath and mouth. It is spread through large respiratory droplets released during a sneeze or cough.
The symptoms of monkeypox in humans are similar to smallpox. In the beginning there is fever, headache, muscle and back pain, tiredness and in three days the rash starts appearing on the body.
How is it possible to treat monkeypox?
According to the US-based Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the United Kingdom’s (UK) National Health Service (NHS), there is currently no vaccine against the monkeypox virus, but vaccines that work against smallpox prevent this by 85 percent. Provides protection, as both viruses are very similar.
According to the CDC, the monkeypox vaccine contains live vaccinia virus, which provides up to 95 percent protection against the infected.